Diagnosis system

When troubleshooting European On-Board Diagnostic (Euro-OBD) vehicles, the vehicle must be connected to an OBD scan tool (complying with ISO 15765-4). Various data output from the ECM can then be read. Euro-OBD regulations require that the vehicle's on-board computer illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) on the instrument panel when the computer detects a malfunction in:

Terminals of ecm

The standard normal voltage between each pair of the ECM terminals is shown in the table below. The appropriate conditions for checking each pair of the terminals are also indicated. The result of checks should be compared with the standard normal voltage for that pair of the terminals, and displayed in the "Specified Condition" column. The illustration above can be used as a reference to identify the ECM terminal locations.

Problem symptoms table

Use the table below to help determine the cause of problem symptoms. If multiple suspected areas are listed, the potential causes of the symptoms are listed in order of probability in the "Suspected Area" column of the table. Check each symptom by checking the suspected areas in the order they are listed. Replace parts as necessary. Inspect the fuses and relays related to this system before inspecting the suspected areas below.

Basic inspection

When a malfunction is not confirmed by the DTC check, troubleshooting should be carried out in all circuits considered to be possible causes of the problem. In many cases, by carrying out the basic engine check shown in the following flowchart, the location of the problem can be found quickly and efficiently. Therefore, using this check is essential when troubleshooting the engine.

Check for intermittent problems

HINT: Inspect the vehicle's ECM using check mode. Intermittent problems are easier to detect with the intelligent tester when the ECM is in check mode. In check mode, the ECM uses 1 trip detection logic, which is more sensitive to malfunctions than normal mode (default), which uses 2 trip detection logic.

How to proceed with troubleshooting

HINT: *: Use the intelligent tester. 1.VEHICLE BROUGHT TO WORKSHOP NEXT 2.CUSTOMER PROBLEM ANALYSIS NEXT 3.CONNECT INTELLIGENT TESTER TO DLC3 HINT: If the display indicates a communication fault in the intelligent tester, inspect the DLC3.

Parts location

Parts location



1.PRECAUTIONS FOR INSPECTING HYBRID CONTROL SYSTEM Before inspecting the high-voltage system or disconnecting the low voltage connector of the inverter with converter assembly, take safety precautions such as wearing insulated gloves and removing the service plug grip to prevent electrical shocks. After removing the service plug grip, put it in your pocket to prevent other technicians from accidentally reconnecting it while you are working on the high-voltage system.